Modeling Between-Population Variation in COVID-19 Dynamics in Hubei, Lombardy, and New York City
23 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2020 Last revised: 28 Aug 2021
Date Written: March 31, 2020
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, formulating targeted policy interventions that are informed by differential SARS-CoV2 transmission dynamics will be of vital importance to national and regional governments. We develop an individual-level model for SARS-CoV2 transmission that accounts for location-dependent distributions of age, household structure, and comorbidities. We use these distributions together with age-stratified contact matrices to instantiate specific models for Hubei, China; Lombardy, Italy; and New York City, United States. Using data on reported deaths to obtain a posterior distribution over unknown parameters, we infer differences in the progression of the epidemic in the three locations. We also examine the role of transmission due to particular age groups on total infections and deaths. The effect of limiting contacts by a particular age group varies by location, indicating that strategies to reduce transmission should be tailored based on population-specific demography and social structure. These findings highlight the role of between-population variation in formulating policy interventions. Across the three populations though, we find that targeted “salutary sheltering" by 50% of a single age group may substantially curtail transmission when combined with the adoption of physical distancing measures by the rest of the population.
Code may be found at https://github.com/bwilder0/covid_abm_release.
Note: Funding: This work was supported in part by the Army Research Office by grant MURI W911NF1810208 and in part by grant T32HD040128 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. Killian was supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship by grant DGE1745303. Perrault and Jabbari were supported by the Harvard Center for Research on Computation and Society. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Conflict of Interest: There is no competing interest.
Keywords: COVID-19, modelling, agent-based model, demographics, physical distancing
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation