Dopamine-Related Striatal Neurophysiology is Associated with Specialization of Frontostriatal Reward Circuitry Through Adolescence
32 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2020 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Characterizing developmental changes in frontostriatal circuitry is critical to our understanding of adolescent development and can clarify neurobiological mechanisms underlying increased reward sensitivity and sensation seeking, and the emergence of psychopathology during this period. However, the role of striatal neurobiology in the development of frontostriatal circuitry through human adolescence remains largely unknown. We combine longitudinal MR-based assessments of striatal tissue-iron as a correlate of dopamine-related neurobiology with functional magnetic resonance imaging indices of resting-state and reward-state connectivity to investigate the contribution of dopaminergic processes to developmental changes in frontostriatal circuitry. Connectivity between the nucleus accumbens and ventral anterior cingulate, subgenual cingulate, and orbitofrontal cortices decreased through adolescence into adulthood. Nucleus accumbens tissue-iron mediated age-related changes and was associated with variability in connectivity. Our results provide evidence that developmental changes in dopamine-related striatal properties contribute to specialization of frontostriatal circuitry, potentially underlying changes in sensation seeking and reward sensitivity into adulthood.
Keywords: Dopamine, tissue iron, functional connectivity, Reward, adolescent development
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