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Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Active Trachoma Among Primary School Children at Atayetown, Efratanagidim Woreda, North Shoa Zone, Ethiopia, 2019

22 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2020

See all articles by Muluken Tessema

Muluken Tessema

Debre Berhan University - Department of Public Health



Background: Trachoma is a bacterial infection of the eye caused by Chlamydia trachoma is leading to blindness if untreated. Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. Children who have the active stage of the disease are the reservoir of infection.

Objective: The aim of this study to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of active trachoma among primary schools at Ataye town, Efratanagidim woreda, North Shoa zone, 2019. Method School based cross sectional study quantitative and qualitative observational study was conducted from Oct 10- 30/ 2019 among 429 primary school children in Ataye town. Multistage proportionate sampling techniques were employed. A Structured pretest interview questionnaire and observational cheek list was used for data collection. The data were entered using EPI info version 3.5.1 statistical software and analyzed (SPSS) version 20 statistical packages. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed.

Results: A total of 429 primary school children were interviewed and eye examination in the study, with a response rate 100% out of 429 primary school children, 378(88.1%) were categorized as having no trachoma. Face washing habit two time per day and three time per day [AOR=0.06, 95% CI: 0.01-0.67 & AOR=0.23, CI:0.06-0.99] Collect in dust bin and burn in refuse pit primary school children [AOR=0.04, 95% CI: 0.14-0-0.12, & AOR=0.84, 95% CI: 0.03-0.28], and latrine in your house [AOR=0.33, 95% CI: 0.14-0.78 and Eye problem in the family [AOR=0.36, 95% CI: 0.15-0.87] were less likely to develop active trachoma.

Conclusion: Trachoma still public health problem among WHO standard active trachoma >5% face washing habit, method of west disposal, eye problem in the family and latrine in your house affects active trachoma morbidity, primary school children educate about personal hygiene and trachoma as well as associated factors of trachoma. Prevention and control strategy need to be implemented to decrease trachoma prevalence.

Funding Statement: The data collection process of this study was sponsored by Debre Berhan Health Science College.

Declaration of Interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethics Approval Statement: Ethical clearance was obtained from the Institution Review Board of the College of Debre Berhan Health Science. Permission was obtained from the Woreda Health Office and Health Department included in the study. Informed consent was obtained.

Suggested Citation

Tessema, Muluken, Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Active Trachoma Among Primary School Children at Atayetown, Efratanagidim Woreda, North Shoa Zone, Ethiopia, 2019 (3/30/2020). Available at SSRN: or

Muluken Tessema (Contact Author)

Debre Berhan University - Department of Public Health ( email )

P.O. Box 445
Debre Berhan

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