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References of 'Successful Experience' of Epidemic Prevention and Control in Six Provinces of China to 'Global Epidemic'

19 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2020

See all articles by Yanju Li

Yanju Li

Guizhou Medical University (Guiyang Medical University) - Department of Hematology

Yang Liu

Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine - Department of Science and Education; National & Guizhou Joint Engineering Laboratory for Cell Engineering and Biomedicine Technique

Dongxin Tang

Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine - Department of Science and Education

Jishi Wang

Guizhou Medical University (Guiyang Medical University) - Department of Hematology

Zhixu He

Zunyi Medical University - Department of Pediatrics; National & Guizhou Joint Engineering Laboratory for Cell Engineering and Biomedicine Technique

Jide Jin

Academy of Military Sciences - Institute of Radiation Medicine

Chu-tse Wu

Academy of Military Sciences - Institute of Radiation Medicine

Songhua Zhao

Guizhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention - Health Monitoring and Testing Institute

Feiqing Wang

Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine - Department of Science and Education

More...

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected more than 200 countries countries across the world, and most outbreaks have been a result of imported cases. On January 23, 2020, the Chinese government decided to impose a quarantine on Wuhan with the aim of controlling the spread of the epidemic. We analyzed data about the COVID-19 infections imported from outside into six Chinese provinces and studied the effectiveness of epidemic prevention and control in China.

Methods: We analyzed data released by the Health Commission of Guangdong, Hunan, Jiangxi, Henan, Zhejiang, and Anhui provinces from January 23 to March 16, 2020. We examined the following: the cumulative number of confirmed cases, daily new confirmed cases, total number of severe cases in the hospital, cumulative number of deaths, and cumulative number of recovered cases.

Results: From January 23, 2020, to March 16, 2020, there was a 45·1-fold increase in the total confirmed cases. The highest increase occurred on February 3 in 6 provinces, i.e., 12 days from January 23. From February 4–15, the daily number of new confirmed cases gradually decreased by 90% in six provinces. From February 16–27, no new confirmed cases appeared in the 6 provinces. As of March 16, the average rate of severe cases was 10·7% in five provinces, 2·2% in Anhui province, and the total case fatality rate and recovery rate were 0·6% and 98·9%, respectively.

Conclusions: The lockdown of City appears to have been effective in controlling the spread of the epidemic. The inflection point appeared on February 3, and after prevention and control for over a month, there were no more confirmed cases in the hospital in 5 provinces. This successful experience is worth learning from other countries and can effectively combat the outbreak of imported COVID-19.

Funding Statement: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31660326); Natural Science Foundation of Guizhou Province (No. [2018]1015, [2018]2759, [2017]5735, and [2016]1019); Top Talent Foundation of the Department of Education of Guizhou Province (No. [2016]074); Natural Science Foundation of Guiyang City (No. [2019]9-2-2, [2019]9-2-22); Doctoral Foundation of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. GYZYYFY-BS-2018[12]); and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2018M640938 and 43XB3794XB).

Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no competing interests.

Keywords: COVID-19; Prevention and control experience; Epidemic; Global outbreak; Imported cases

Suggested Citation

Li, Yanju and Liu, Yang and Tang, Dongxin and Wang, Jishi and He, Zhixu and Jin, Jide and Wu, Chu-tse and Zhao, Songhua and Wang, Feiqing, References of 'Successful Experience' of Epidemic Prevention and Control in Six Provinces of China to 'Global Epidemic' (3/29/2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3566153 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3566153

Yanju Li

Guizhou Medical University (Guiyang Medical University) - Department of Hematology

Guiyang
China

Yang Liu

Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine - Department of Science and Education ( email )

Guiyang
China

National & Guizhou Joint Engineering Laboratory for Cell Engineering and Biomedicine Technique

Guiyang
China

Dongxin Tang

Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine - Department of Science and Education

Guiyang
China

Jishi Wang

Guizhou Medical University (Guiyang Medical University) - Department of Hematology

Guiyang
China

Zhixu He

Zunyi Medical University - Department of Pediatrics

Zunyi
China

National & Guizhou Joint Engineering Laboratory for Cell Engineering and Biomedicine Technique

Guiyang
China

Jide Jin

Academy of Military Sciences - Institute of Radiation Medicine

Beijing
China

Chu-tse Wu

Academy of Military Sciences - Institute of Radiation Medicine

Beijing
China

Songhua Zhao

Guizhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention - Health Monitoring and Testing Institute

Guiyang
China

Feiqing Wang (Contact Author)

Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine - Department of Science and Education ( email )

Guiyang
China

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