Effects of Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Stress on Burnout of Nurses: The Korea Nurses’ Health Study
16 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2020More...
Background: Burnout among nurses is known to be very high, but there have been no large-scale studies on this in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing burnout among nurses.
Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey study with the Korea Nurses’ Health Study (KNHS) Module 5 was conducted. Nurses who worked in a hospital for the past year were eligible. Multiple regression analysis was performed to identify factors predicting burnout of nurses and the relative importance of predictors of burnout. All statistical analyses were performed using R, version 3·3·1 (R Foundation for Statistical Computing).
Findings: The sample consisted of 10,305 female nurses with an average age of 32.8±6·06 (range = 23-51) years. The final regression indicated that 9 predictor variables accounted for 73.3% of the variance in burnout (F = 1766, df = 10,288, p <.001). Compassion satisfaction, stress, compassion fatigue, marital status, length of career, overtime per week, working hours per week, and number of beds were significantly related to burnout. The most influential factor for nurse burnout was compassion satisfaction (dominance index = 0.349).
Interpretation: To reduce burnout, hospital management and organizational support is needed to increase compassion satisfaction and reduce compassion fatigue and stress. Further, regulations on standard working hours should be legislated.
Funding Statement: The KNHS received financial support to conduct research from the KCDC at the Korea National Institute of Health. This research was supported by a grant (2016ER630500, 2016ER630501) for research from the KCDC.
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no actual or potential conflicts of interests.
Ethics Approval Statement: The Institutional Review Board of Ewha Woman’s University (No. 117–4) approved this study. Anonymity and confidentiality were assured, and the participants' informed consent was obtained as part of the online survey.
Keywords: Burnout; Compassion fatigue; Compassion satisfaction; Dominance analysis; Multiple regression; The Korean Nurses' Health Study
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation