Credit Channel and Investment Behavior in Austria: A Micro-Econometric Approach
46 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2002
Date Written: December 2001
Using individual firm data, this study analyses the credit channel in Austria. The estimation is based on an accelerator specification of investment demand augmented by the liquidity ratio and a firm specific user cost of capital. The results show that there is a credit channel in Austria affecting all firms, while the interest rate channel is significant as long as the liquidity ratio is not included in the regression. Taking into account trade credit or lending relationships increases the significance but not necessarily the size of the interest rate channel. The interest rate channel is not significant for young firms due mainly to the fact that young firms rely more heavily on sales to increase investment. In general it is found that firms can reduce the sensivity of investment to their liquidity position by building lending relationships with a housebank or using trade credit as a substitute for bank loans.
Keywords: Credit channel, investment demand, panel data
JEL Classification: C23, D92, E22, E52, G31, G32
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