Housing Markets in a Pandemic: Evidence from Historical Outbreaks
54 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2020 Last revised: 27 Jan 2021
Date Written: January 25, 2021
How do pandemics affect urban housing markets? This paper studies historical outbreaks of the plague in 17th-century Amsterdam and cholera in 19th-century Paris to answer this question. Based on micro-level transaction data, we show outbreaks resulted in large declines in house prices, and smaller declines in rent prices. We find particularly large reductions in house prices during the first six months of an epidemic, and in heavily-affected areas. However, these price shocks were only transitory, and both cities quickly reverted to their initial price paths. Our findings suggest these two cities were very resilient to major shocks originating from epidemics.
Keywords: pandemics, housing markets, asset prices, mortality
JEL Classification: G10, I19, J10, N93, R31
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