Takaful in Malaysia: Emergence, Growth, and Prospects
Posted: 29 Apr 2020
Date Written: April 4, 2020
Takaful is an Islamic insurance contract introduced to substitute the conventional insurance which has been precluded by nearly all Muslim scholars as it encompasses the components of gharar (uncertainty), maysir (gambling), and riba (usury). Its feasibility is evidenced after numerous Fatwas were issued by Fiqh academies and Ulama in its support. Takaful is founded on the basis of cooperation and mutual aid as it is broadly used in the commercial sector. The Takaful business operation is regulated by the codes of Shari’ah and by other laws. Many models such as the Wakalah model, Mudharabah model, and the amalgamation of Mudharabah and Wakalah models have been applied in the Takaful corporate operation. This chapter explicates the existing implications and future prospects of the Takaful industry in Malaysia. It offers a review on Takaful industry in Malaysia and emphasizes issues and challenges, opportunities, and recommendations.
Keywords: Takaful, Malaysia, gharar, maysir, riba
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