Structural vs. Behavioural Remedies
Maier-Rigaud, F. and B. Loertscher (2020) Structural vs. Behavioural Remedies, Competition Policy International, Forthcoming
11 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2020
Date Written: April 6, 2020
The European Commission’s remedial practice displays important differences in the type of remedies accepted in merger as opposed to antitrust cases. This paper briefly reviews the Commission’s remedies practice over the last 14 years highlighting the differences and discussing inconsistencies. It raises the question why predominantly behavioural remedies are chosen in antitrust cases and how this practice could be reconciled with the approach in merger control where the risks to effective competition are viewed as deriving from changes in the structure of the market and where therefore structural remedies are typically considered necessary.
Keywords: structural remedies, behavioural remedies, Article 7, Article 9, Merger remedies, access remedies, evolution of remedies, remedies practice, European Commission, consistency of remedies
JEL Classification: K21, L40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation