Ethical and Legal Challenges of Artificial Intelligence-Driven Healthcare

This article was published in Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare, 1st edition, Adam Bohr, Kaveh Memarzadeh (eds.), ISBN: 9780128184387, Copyright Elsevier, 2020

42 Pages Posted: 26 May 2020 Last revised: 1 Mar 2021

See all articles by Sara Gerke

Sara Gerke

Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson Law

Timo Minssen

University of Copenhagen - Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL) - Faculty of Law

I. Glenn Cohen

Harvard Law School

Date Written: 2020

Abstract

This chapter will map the ethical and legal challenges posed by artificial intelligence (AI) in health care and suggest directions for resolving them. Section 1 will briefly clarify what AI is and Section 2 will give an idea of the trends and strategies in the United States (U.S.) and Europe, thereby tailoring the discussion to the ethical and legal debate of AI-driven health care.

This will be followed in Section 3 by a discussion of four primary ethical challenges, namely:

(1) informed consent to use,

(2) safety and transparency,

(3) algorithmic fairness and biases, and

(4) data privacy.

Section 4 will then analyze five legal challenges in the U.S. and Europe:

(1) safety and effectiveness,

(2) liability,

(3) data protection and privacy,

(4) cybersecurity, and

(5) intellectual property law.

Finally, Section 5 will summarize the major conclusions and especially emphasize the importance of building an AI-driven health care system that is successful and promotes trust and the motto “Health AIs for All of Us”.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence (AI), Ethical Challenges, U.S. and EU Law, Safety and Effectiveness, Data Protection and Privacy

Suggested Citation

Gerke, Sara and Minssen, Timo and Cohen, I. Glenn, Ethical and Legal Challenges of Artificial Intelligence-Driven Healthcare (2020). This article was published in Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare, 1st edition, Adam Bohr, Kaveh Memarzadeh (eds.), ISBN: 9780128184387, Copyright Elsevier, 2020 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3570129 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3570129

Sara Gerke (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson Law ( email )

150 S College St
Carlisle, PA 17013
United States

Timo Minssen

University of Copenhagen - Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL) - Faculty of Law ( email )

Karen Blixens Plads 16
Copenhagen, 2300
Denmark
+46 708 607517 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://jura.ku.dk/cebil/staff/profile/?pure=en/persons/381631

I. Glenn Cohen

Harvard Law School ( email )

1525 Massachusetts Avenue
Griswold Hall 503
Cambridge, 02138
United States

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