Federalism and Polycentric Government in a Pandemic

5 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2020

See all articles by Victoria Perez

Victoria Perez

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA)

Justin M. Ross

Indiana University - School of Public & Environmental Affairs

Date Written: April 3, 2020

Abstract

Networks of overlapping local governments are the front line of governmental responses to pandemics. Local governments, both general purpose (municipalities, counties, etc.) and special districts (school, fire, police, hospital, etc.), implement state and federal directives while acting as a producer and as a third-party payer in the healthcare system. They possess local information necessary in determining the best use of finite resources and available assets. Furthermore, a liberal society requires voluntary cooperation of citizens skeptical of opportunistic authoritarianism. Therefore, successful local governance instills a reassuring division of political power.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created two significant challenges for local governments in their efforts to respond effectively to the crisis: public finance and intergovernmental collaboration. This brief recommends practical solutions to meet these challenges.

Keywords: federalism, polycentricity, Ostrom, local government, healthcare, coronavirus, coronavirus pandemic, COVID-19, public health, economics, quarantine, economy, economic crisis, governance

JEL Classification: H75, I00, I18, H77, H70

Suggested Citation

Perez, Victoria and Ross, Justin M., Federalism and Polycentric Government in a Pandemic (April 3, 2020). Special Edition Policy Brief, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3570726 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3570726

Victoria Perez

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA) ( email )

1315 East Tenth Street
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/view/victoriaperez/home

Justin M. Ross (Contact Author)

Indiana University - School of Public & Environmental Affairs ( email )

1315 East Tenth Street
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

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