Estimating the Determinants of Child Health When Fertility and Mortality are Selective
JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES, Vol. 32, No. 1, Winter 1997
Posted: 6 Dec 1996
This paper estimates the determinants of child mortality and child health allowing for the possibility that samples of children are choice-based, reflecting prior selective fertility and mortality behavior. Parameter identification is the most serious practical problem in controlling for fertility and mortality selection. Identification is achieved by imposing a random-effects structure on the error correlation matrix for the set of fertility, mortality and health behaviors. Fertility selection is found to bestatistically significant in the estimation of the determinants of mortality in all 14 Sub-Saharan DHS datasets studied, and fertility and mortality selection is found significant in the determination of child height in Zambia. Nevertheless, most parameters are little changed when selection is accounted for.
JEL Classification: I12, J13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation