Banking Relationships, Managerial Incentives, Board Monitoring and Corporate Cash Holdings: An Emerging Market Perspective
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, volume 44, pages 353–378. (2015)
Posted: 5 May 2020
Date Written: April 9, 2015
This paper uses Taiwanese data to examine the impact of firm-level corporate governance mechanisms on firms’ average cash holdings. Specifically, it examines how a firm’s number of banking relationships and the percentages of managerial ownership and board ownership impact the firm’s level of cash holdings. We document that higher percentages of managerial ownership and board ownership are associated with higher levels of corporate cash holding. Our results are consistent with the notion that managerial incentives and board monitoring are substitutes for each other. The substitution effect is especially pronounced when firms have poorly incentivized managers. We find that firms with a larger number of banking relationships are associated with lower levels of cash holdings. We find no evidence of a bank monitoring free-rider problem. We also document a life-cycle effect in the drivers of cash holdings: there are substantial differences in the drivers of cash holdings for firms that have been in business for more than 5 years relative to those that have not been in business less than 5 years.
Keywords: Bank monitoring, Managerial ownership, Banking relationship, Corporate governance, Cash holdings
JEL Classification: G32, G34, G30, G31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation