Market for 33 Percent Interest Loans. Financial Inclusion and Microfinance in India

India Review, Taylor & Francis, Print ISSN: 1473-6489, Online ISSN: 1557-3036, 2019

26 Pages Posted: 8 May 2020

See all articles by Markus Pauli

Markus Pauli

Dublin City University; National University of Singapore; Yale-NUS; Heidelberg University

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

Financial inclusion is the process of building viable institutions that provide financial services to those hitherto excluded. These may include savings, insurances, remittances, and credit. Microfinance became the most dominant method for achieving financial inclusion. However, different microfinance schools of thought recommend opposite ways for attaining financial integration. India is a particularly insightful case study due to the sheer number of people excluded from formal financial services, as well as the spectrum of actors and approaches. The aim of this article is threefold. First, defining financial inclusion, depicting its status quo in India and comparing it to its South Asian and BRICS peers using recently released data from the Global Findex database. Second, focusing on microfinance as the dominant vehicle for achieving financial inclusion by scrutinizing its definitions, contrasting its two leading "schools of thought" and analyzing the central role of its dominant group-based approach. Third, the article will examine why people opt to take micro-credit at 33 percent interest rates.

Keywords: Microfinance, Microcredit, Financial Inclusion, India, Development, Poverty, South Asia, Money Lending, BRICS, Grameen Model, Interest Rate, Financial Services, Banking, Financial Sector, Money Lending, Self-Help Group, SHG, Financial Literacy

JEL Classification: G01, G1, G18, G2, G21, G23, I3, I31, I38, O1, O15, O16

Suggested Citation

Pauli, Markus, Market for 33 Percent Interest Loans. Financial Inclusion and Microfinance in India (2019). India Review, Taylor & Francis, Print ISSN: 1473-6489, Online ISSN: 1557-3036, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3572816 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3572816

Markus Pauli (Contact Author)

Dublin City University ( email )

School of Law and Government
DCU Glasnevin Campus
Dublin, Leinster 9
Ireland
00353-1700-6390 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.dcu.ie/researchsupport/research-profile?PERSON_ID=2792464

National University of Singapore ( email )

1E Kent Ridge Road
NUHS Tower Block Level 7
Singapore, 119228
Singapore

Yale-NUS ( email )

Singapore
Singapore

Heidelberg University ( email )

Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

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