Market for 33 Percent Interest Loans. Financial Inclusion and Microfinance in India
India Review, Taylor & Francis, Print ISSN: 1473-6489, Online ISSN: 1557-3036, 2019
26 Pages Posted: 8 May 2020
Date Written: 2019
Financial inclusion is the process of building viable institutions that provide financial services to those hitherto excluded. These may include savings, insurances, remittances, and credit. Microfinance became the most dominant method for achieving financial inclusion. However, different microfinance schools of thought recommend opposite ways for attaining financial integration. India is a particularly insightful case study due to the sheer number of people excluded from formal financial services, as well as the spectrum of actors and approaches. The aim of this article is threefold. First, defining financial inclusion, depicting its status quo in India and comparing it to its South Asian and BRICS peers using recently released data from the Global Findex database. Second, focusing on microfinance as the dominant vehicle for achieving financial inclusion by scrutinizing its definitions, contrasting its two leading "schools of thought" and analyzing the central role of its dominant group-based approach. Third, the article will examine why people opt to take micro-credit at 33 percent interest rates.
Keywords: Microfinance, Microcredit, Financial Inclusion, India, Development, Poverty, South Asia, Money Lending, BRICS, Grameen Model, Interest Rate, Financial Services, Banking, Financial Sector, Money Lending, Self-Help Group, SHG, Financial Literacy
JEL Classification: G01, G1, G18, G2, G21, G23, I3, I31, I38, O1, O15, O16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation