Strengthening Sustainable Maritime Development and Marine Ecosystem Preservation Through Security Cooperation
International Journal of Management (IJM), 11 (3), 2020, pp. 256–265.
10 Pages Posted: 6 May 2020
Date Written: April 11, 2020
Since the establishment of Indian Ocean Rim Association/IORA (1997) and the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium/IONS (2008), the maritime security of the Indian Ocean has become of the members’ priorities. Maritime security cooperation concept is based on the increase of the quantity and quality of maritime security threats, both traditional and non-traditional. In the last decade, maritime security has shifted more to facing non-traditional threats that utilize marine resources illegally as well as marine ecosystem pollution. Maritime security cooperation is one of the solutions to strengthen sustainable maritime development. It could be done through bilateral, regional and global frameworks by involving navies and coast guards of coastal states in the region. This initiative is in line with the maritime agenda in the Marine and Ocean Resources Conservation and Use in order to achieve sustainable development (SDG 14). Based on its Global Maritime Fulcrum and Ocean Policy, Indonesia has proposed initiatives to establish maritime security cooperation to eradicate IUU Fishing and to prevent pollution at sea, in which both are very relevant to be further developed in the Indian Ocean region to realize common mindset, attitude and action through strategic partnership frameworks in efforts to achieve sustainable development in the maritime domain.
Keywords: Sustainable Maritime Development; Cooperation; Maritime Security.
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