Economic and Social Consequences of Human Mobility Restrictions Under COVID-19

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2020: DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2007658117

38 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2020 Last revised: 22 Jun 2020

See all articles by Giovanni Bonaccorsi

Giovanni Bonaccorsi

Politecnico di Milano

Francesco Pierri

Politecnico di Milano

Matteo Cinelli

CNR - Institute for Complex Systems

Francesco Porcelli

University of Warwick

Alessandro Galeazzi

University of Brescia

Andrea Flori

Politecnico di Milano; Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering

Ana Lucia Schmidth

Università Ca' Foscari

Carlo Michele Valensise

Politecnico Milano

Antonio Scala

CNR - Intitute for Complex Systems

Walter Quattrociocchi

Ca' Foscari University of Venice

Fabio Pammolli

Polytechnic University of Milan - Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering; CERM Foundation

Date Written: April 11, 2020

Abstract

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, National governments have applied lockdown restrictions to reduce the infection rate.

We perform a massive analysis on near real-time Italian data provided by Facebook to investigate how lockdown strategies affect economic conditions of individuals and local governments. We model the change in mobility as an exogenous shock similar to a natural disaster. We identify two ways through which mobility restrictions affect Italian citizens. First, we find that the impact of lockdown is stronger in municipalities with higher fiscal capacity. Second, we find a segregation effect, since mobility restrictions are stronger in municipalities for which inequality is higher and where individuals have lower income per capita.

Keywords: mobility, network, inequality, income, segregation, COVID-19

Suggested Citation

Bonaccorsi, Giovanni and Pierri, Francesco and Cinelli, Matteo and Porcelli, Francesco and Galeazzi, Alessandro and Flori, Andrea and Schmidth, Ana Lucia and Valensise, Carlo Michele and Scala, Antonio and Quattrociocchi, Walter and Pammolli, Fabio, Economic and Social Consequences of Human Mobility Restrictions Under COVID-19 (April 11, 2020). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2020: DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2007658117, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3573609 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3573609

Giovanni Bonaccorsi (Contact Author)

Politecnico di Milano ( email )

Via Lambruschini 4C - building 26/A
Milano, 20156
United States

Francesco Pierri

Politecnico di Milano ( email )

Via Lambruschini 4C - building 26/A
Milano, 20156
United States

Matteo Cinelli

CNR - Institute for Complex Systems ( email )

Via dei Taurini 19
Rome, 00185
Italy

Francesco Porcelli

University of Warwick ( email )

Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

Alessandro Galeazzi

University of Brescia ( email )

Piazza del Mercato, 15
25122 Brescia
Italy

Andrea Flori

Politecnico di Milano ( email )

via Lambruschini 4/B
Milano, Italy 20156
Italy

Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering ( email )

Via Lambruschini 4/B - building 26/b
Milano, 20156
Italy

Ana Lucia Schmidth

Università Ca' Foscari ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

Carlo Michele Valensise

Politecnico Milano ( email )

Piazza Leonardo da Vinci
Milan, Milano 20100
Italy

Antonio Scala

CNR - Intitute for Complex Systems ( email )

Via dei Taurini 19
Rome, 00185
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=ycmKlR8AAAAJ

Walter Quattrociocchi

Ca' Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Lucca
Italy
3392922276 (Phone)

Fabio Pammolli

Polytechnic University of Milan - Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering ( email )

Via Lambruschini 4C - building 26/A
Milano, 20156
Italy

CERM Foundation ( email )

Via Fiorentina, 1
Siena, Siena 53100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.cermlab.it

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
746
Abstract Views
4,152
rank
36,278
PlumX Metrics