Poverty and Economic Dislocation Reduce Compliance with COVID-19 Shelter-in-Place Protocols
32 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2020 Last revised: 17 Jun 2020
Date Written: May 7, 2020
Shelter-in-place policies reduce social contact and mitigate the spread of COVID-19. In-consistent compliance with social distancing creates local and regional interpersonal trans-mission risks. Using county-day measures on population movement derived from cellphone location data, we investigate whether compliance with local shelter-in-place ordinances varies across US counties with different economic endowments. Our theoretical model implies economic endowments will influence compliance with social distancing. We find evidence that low income areas do comply less than counties with stronger economic endowments. Findings suggest targeted economic relief could improve future compliance with public health interventions.
Keywords: COVID-19, shelter-in-place, compliance
JEL Classification: H12, I18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation