Does Healthy Food Access Matter in a French Urban Setting?

17 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2020

See all articles by France Caillavet

France Caillavet

French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)

Gayaneh Kyureghian

Korea University

Rodolfo M. Nayga Jr.

University of Arkansas

Coline Ferrant

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Pierre Chauvin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: October 2015

Abstract

Limited access to healthy food is commonly regarded as a contributing factor to poor dietary choices. The objective of this article is to test this hypothesis in a French context given France's increasing obesity rates and incidence of poor dietary habits. We use data on fruit and vegetable consumption frequency and different food retail availability measures, for example the number of food stores, food surface area, and a dispersion measure based on store numbers, store types, and food area surface, from several data sources in France. We also employ different types of geographic units when measuring the food retail environment and instrumental variable model specifications to test the robustness of our results, which indicate that fewer but larger retail outlets increase the odds of consuming the recommended level of fruit and vegetables. We also find that an increase in food supply dispersion will improve fruit and vegetable consumption in Paris, but not in its suburbs.

Keywords: Food access, availability, fruits and vegetables, endogeneity, French food retail

Suggested Citation

Caillavet, France and Kyureghian, Gayaneh and Nayga Jr., Rodolfo M. and Ferrant, Coline and Chauvin, Pierre, Does Healthy Food Access Matter in a French Urban Setting? (October 2015). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 97, Issue 5, pp. 1400-1416, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3574936 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajae/aav031

France Caillavet (Contact Author)

French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)

147, rue de l'Universite
Paris Cedex 07, 78-Yvelines 75338
France

Gayaneh Kyureghian

Korea University

Rodolfo M. Nayga Jr.

University of Arkansas

Coline Ferrant

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Pierre Chauvin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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