A Taxonomy of Transcriptomic Cell Types Across the Isocortex and Hippocampal Formation
75 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2020 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
The isocortex and hippocampal formation are two major structures in the mammalian brain that play critical roles in perception, cognition, emotion and learning. Using single-cell RNA-sequencing approaches, we profiled ~1.2 million cells covering all regions in the adult mouse isocortex and hippocampal formation. The cell types are organized hierarchically and exhibit varying degrees of discrete or continuous variations. Such molecular relationships correlate strongly with the spatial distribution patterns of the cell types, which can be region-specific, shared across multiple regions, or part of one or more gradients. Glutamatergic neuron types display much greater diversity than GABAergic neuron types, both molecularly and spatially, and define regional identities as well as inter-region relationships. Our study establishes a molecular architecture of the mammalian isocortex and hippocampal formation for the first time, and begins to shed light on its underlying relationship with the development, evolution, connectivity and function of these two brain structures.
Keywords: single-cell RNA-sequencing, transcriptomic, cell types, taxonomy, neocortex, hippocampus, glutamatergic, GABAergic interneuron
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