Politics and the Room to Manoeuvre: Democracy, Social Opportunity and Poverty in India

Dulal, H. (ed.) Poverty Reduction in a Changing Climate, Chapter 2, Lexington Books. ISBN 978-1-4985-1093-6, 2015

22 Pages Posted: 8 May 2020

See all articles by Subrata Kumar Mitra

Subrata Kumar Mitra

Heidelberg University

Jivanta Schottli

Dublin City University

Markus Pauli

Dublin City University; National University of Singapore; Yale-NUS; Heidelberg University; Singapore Management University (SMU)

Date Written: 2015

Abstract

Ownership is the essence of economic citizenship. Beyond actual possession, a sense of personal welfare and proprietorship, or at least the hope of achieving them, constitute a necessary and important complement to being stakeholders in a society. Together with efficacy and legitimacy, these are necessary attributes of political agency. In this chapter we examine the interplay between democracy, social opportunity and economic security, drawing upon survey data to explore popular perceptions of India’s new economic policy. The article first situates itself within the context of new theoretical literature on the multidimensional nature of poverty and how to measure it, then identifies aggregate indicators of the performance of Indian states and the overall achievements and failings of India in terms of poverty alleviation. In the second half, the article identifies what seems to be the lack of a ‘politics of poverty’ in India and the various cultural, historical, political explanations that have been proffered for this apparent anomaly. Finally, the impact of democracy on poverty reduction is examined through the programmes that have been launched and which aim at creating a level-playing field, but which nevertheless have the potential to degenerate into highly populist measures.

Keywords: Democracy, Social Opportunity, Multidimensional Poverty, India, Politics, Economic Policy, Political Economy, Citizenship, Welfare, Efficacy, Legitimacy, Survey, Perception, Poverty Measurement, Indian States, BRICS, South Asia, Post-Colonial

JEL Classification: E2, E24, H4, H11, I, I3, I31, I32, I38, O1, O2, O15, O43

Suggested Citation

Mitra, Subrata Kumar and Schottli, Jivanta and Pauli, Markus, Politics and the Room to Manoeuvre: Democracy, Social Opportunity and Poverty in India (2015). Dulal, H. (ed.) Poverty Reduction in a Changing Climate, Chapter 2, Lexington Books. ISBN 978-1-4985-1093-6, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3575784 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3575784

Subrata Kumar Mitra

Heidelberg University

Jivanta Schottli

Dublin City University ( email )

Ireland 9
Dublin 9, leinster 9
Ireland

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.dcu.ie/researchsupport/research-profile?PERSON_ID=2765557

Markus Pauli (Contact Author)

Dublin City University ( email )

School of Law and Government
DCU Glasnevin Campus
Dublin, Leinster 9
Ireland
00353-1700-6390 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.dcu.ie/researchsupport/research-profile?PERSON_ID=2792464

National University of Singapore ( email )

1E Kent Ridge Road
NUHS Tower Block Level 7
Singapore, 119228
Singapore

Yale-NUS ( email )

Singapore
Singapore

Heidelberg University ( email )

Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

Singapore Management University (SMU) ( email )

469 Bukit Timah Road
Federal Building #02-05
Singapore, 259756
Singapore

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
17
Abstract Views
236
PlumX Metrics