Balance of Payments and Capital Flows: The Role of Liquidity

Posted: 7 Nov 1996

See all articles by Ilan Goldfajn

Ilan Goldfajn

Gávea Investimentos; Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio) - Department of Economics; Central Bank of Brazil

Rodrigo Valdés

Central Bank of Chile; Ministry of Finance, Chile

Date Written: March 1996

Abstract

A model of external crises is developed focusing on the interaction between liquidity creation by financial intermediaries and foreign exchange collapses. The intermediaries' role of transforming maturities is shown to result in larger movements of capital and a higher probability of crises. This resembles the observed cycle in capital flows: large inflows, crises and abrupt outflows. The model highlights how adverse productivity and international interest rate shocks can be magnified by the behavior of individual foreign investors linked together through their deposits in the intermediaries. An eventual collapse of the exchange rate can link investors' behavior even further.

JEL Classification: F31, F34, F41

Suggested Citation

Goldfajn, Ilan and Valdés, Rodrigo O., Balance of Payments and Capital Flows: The Role of Liquidity (March 1996). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3576

Ilan Goldfajn (Contact Author)

Gávea Investimentos ( email )

Rua Dias Ferreira, 190 7th andar
22431-050 Rio de Janeiro
Brazil

Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio) - Department of Economics ( email )

Rua Marques de Sao Vicente, 225/206F
Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22453
Brazil

Central Bank of Brazil ( email )

P.O. Box 08670
SBS Quadra 3 Bloco B - Edificio-Sede
Brasilia DF 70074-900, Distr. Federal 70074-900
Brazil
61-4143232 (Phone)
61-2260767 (Fax)

Rodrigo O. Valdés

Central Bank of Chile ( email )

Agustinas 1180
Research Department
Santiago
Chile
+56 2 670 2000 (Phone)
+56 2 670 2231 (Fax)

Ministry of Finance, Chile

Teatinos 120
Santiago, 8340487
Chile

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