Initial Coin Offerings: What Rights Do Investors Have?
European Journal of Finance, forthcoming
29 Pages Posted: 12 May 2020 Last revised: 26 Oct 2021
Date Written: April 15, 2020
This introduction reviews the growing literature on initial coin offerings (ICOs), summaries the articles included this special issue and also provides original evidence of the investor protection on ICOs from 37 countries. We show that the anti-director rights and anti-self-dealing index are positively associated with the country-level raised fund of ICOs after controlling for economic and culture factors. The disclosure quality and investor rights as specified in the Whitepapers are generally poor and they are found to be important to raise more funds in ICOs. We argue that the lack of (self-) discipline poses a threat to investor protections. Around 60% Whitepaper do not disclose information on the use of proceeds or management team. Around 80% ICOs do not entitle investors the rights for dividend or vote. Our findings suggest the needs of regulating ICOs to protect investors.
Keywords: Initial Coin offering, investor protection, shareholder right, disclosure
JEL Classification: G30, G38,
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation