Temporary Stays and Persistent Gains: The Causal Effects of Foster Care

93 Pages Posted: 11 May 2020 Last revised: 7 Dec 2020

See all articles by Max Gross

Max Gross

Department of Economics, University of Michigan

E. Jason Baron

Duke University; NBER

Date Written: April 15, 2020


Six percent of children in the United States enter foster care by age 18. We estimate the effects of foster care on children’s outcomes by exploiting the quasi-random assignment of child welfare investigators in Michigan. We find that foster care improved children’s safety and educational outcomes. Gains emerged after children exited the foster system when most were reunified with their birth parents, suggesting that improvements made by their parents was an important mechanism. These results indicate that safely reducing the use of foster care, a goal of recent federal legislation, requires more effective in-home, prevention-focused efforts.

Keywords: Child Welfare, Foster Care, Family Policy

JEL Classification: J13, I30, J18

Suggested Citation

Gross, Max and Baron, E. Jason, Temporary Stays and Persistent Gains: The Causal Effects of Foster Care (April 15, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3576640 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3576640

Max Gross (Contact Author)

Department of Economics, University of Michigan ( email )

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E. Jason Baron

Duke University ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.ejasonbaron.com

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