Spatial Patterns of Market Participation and Resource Extraction: Fuelwood Collection in Northern Uganda

19 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2020

See all articles by Daniela A. Miteva

Daniela A. Miteva

The Nature Conservancy; University of Minnesota - St. Paul; Duke University

Randall A. Kramer

Duke University - Nicholas School of the Environment; Duke University - Department of Economics

Zachary S. Brown

Duke University

Martin D. Smith

Duke University - Nicholas School of the Environment

Date Written: July 2017

Abstract

While distance to markets is a key determinant of market participation for households that are dependent on natural resources, the distance to the resource stock is also essential. Thus, a household's location with respect to markets and the resource stock determines household market participation and associated resource degradation. Applying a discrete‐choice framework for fuelwood collection in a developing country, we characterize the spatial pattern of market participation regimes and forest use. All else being equal, autarkic households are closest to the forest and furthest from the market, buyer households are closest to the market and furthest from the forest, and seller households are at intermediate distances. Empirical tests based on survey data from northern Uganda support the predictions from our theoretical model. Our findings have important implications for understanding the spatial patterns of forest degradation and determining the control group when designing impact evaluations of the effectiveness of development and conservation interventions.

Keywords: Spatial model, household sorting, household production, transaction costs, fuelwood extraction, deforestation, forest degradation, sub‐Saharan Africa, quasi‐experimental research designs

Suggested Citation

Miteva, Daniela A. and Kramer, Randall A. and Brown, Zachary S. and Smith, Martin D., Spatial Patterns of Market Participation and Resource Extraction: Fuelwood Collection in Northern Uganda (July 2017). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 99, Issue 4, pp. 1008-1026, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3577092 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajae/aax027

Daniela A. Miteva (Contact Author)

The Nature Conservancy ( email )

Fort Collins, CO 80524
United States

University of Minnesota - St. Paul

St. Paul, MN 55108
United States

Duke University ( email )

100 Fuqua Drive
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Randall A. Kramer

Duke University - Nicholas School of the Environment ( email )

Box 90328
Durham, NC 27708-0328
United States
(919) 613-8072 (Phone)
(919) 684-8741 (Fax)

Duke University - Department of Economics

213 Social Sciences Building
Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Zachary S. Brown

Duke University

100 Fuqua Drive
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Martin D. Smith

Duke University - Nicholas School of the Environment ( email )

Box 90328
A122 LSRC
Durham, NC 27708-0328
United States
919-613-8028 (Phone)
919-684-8741 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://fds.duke.edu/db/Nicholas/esp/faculty/marsmith

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