Smart Specialization Strategies at National, Regional, or Local Levels? Synergy and Policy-making in German Systems of Innovation

Ruhrmann, H., Fritsch, M., & Leydesdorff, L. (2021). Synergy and policy-making in German innovation systems: Smart Specialisation Strategies at national, regional, local levels? Regional Studies, 0(0), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2021.1872780

37 Pages Posted: 11 May 2020 Last revised: 17 Feb 2021

See all articles by Henriette Ruhrmann

Henriette Ruhrmann

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)

Michael Fritsch

University of Jena - School of Economics and Business Administration

Loet Leydesdorff

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

Date Written: April 15, 2020

Abstract

Employing a quantitative, data-driven tool - the Triple Helix Indicator - to microdata of firms in Germany, we develop an evidence base for innovation-policy strategies. We aim to answer the question which level of government (local, regional, national) might be most effective for strategic innovation policy-making based on smart specialization in Germany. The empirical results show that the country is decentralized to the extent that it cannot be considered a “national” innovation system. More than two-thirds of innovation-system synergy is generated at the lower levels of districts (NUTS3) and Governmental Regions (NUTS2). In high-tech and medium-tech manufacturing, former East and West Germany, as well as North and South Germany, can be considered separate sub-national innovation systems. These findings strengthen the case for region- and context-specific innovation policies. The results illustrate the value of the Triple Helix Indicator for systematic regional mapping and serve as evidence for policy-makers to expand RIS3 policy strategies to the regional and local level in Germany.

Keywords: Innovation systems, Triple Helix, Germany, Redundancy, Synergy, Innovation Policy, Smart Specialization

JEL Classification: O30, R11 O38, O52

Suggested Citation

Ruhrmann, Henriette and Fritsch, Michael and Leydesdorff, Loet, Smart Specialization Strategies at National, Regional, or Local Levels? Synergy and Policy-making in German Systems of Innovation (April 15, 2020). Ruhrmann, H., Fritsch, M., & Leydesdorff, L. (2021). Synergy and policy-making in German innovation systems: Smart Specialisation Strategies at national, regional, local levels? Regional Studies, 0(0), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2021.1872780, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3577495 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3577495

Henriette Ruhrmann (Contact Author)

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin) ( email )

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Juni 135
Berlin, 10623
Germany
+49 30 314 73896 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.linkedin.com/in/henriette-ruhrmann/

Michael Fritsch

University of Jena - School of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

Carl-Zeiss-Str. 3
D-07743 Jena
Germany

Loet Leydesdorff

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) ( email )

PO Box 15793
Amsterdam, 1001 NG
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.leydesdorff.net

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