Carbon Footprints of European Manufacturing Jobs: Stylized Facts and Implications for Climate Policy
40 Pages Posted: 11 May 2020 Last revised: 9 Feb 2021
Date Written: December 14, 2020
This paper presents first results from a new European-wide research network for evidence-based climate policy. Using administrative data on industrial firms in Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden, we construct harmonized measures of carbon dioxide emissions per job. We characterize the distribution of this measure and explore how it varies across countries, two-digit industries, and over time. We relate those changes to participation in the EU Emissions Trading System - Europe's flagship climate policy instrument since 2005.
Keywords: carbon dioxide emissions, manufacturing, climate policy, employment
JEL Classification: Q54, H23
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