Choosing Certifiers: Evidence from the British Retail Consortium Food Safety Standard

15 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2020

See all articles by Talia Bar

Talia Bar

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 2019

Abstract

Standards play a vital role in promoting food safety, and in many countries third‐party certification bodies carry out audits to determine if food manufacturers comply with a particular standard. Using data from the British Retail Consortium global standards program, we study manufacturers’ choices of certification bodies. We take a certification body's share of high audit grades in the months preceding an audit as a measure of perceived leniency, and find that manufacturers are more likely to choose certification bodies that they perceive to be more lenient. Manufactures are also more likely to choose geographically closer certification bodies, and to return to the same certifier that audited their site in the previous year.

Keywords: Audit grade, British Retail Consortium, food safety, product quality, standard, third‐party certification body

Suggested Citation

Bar, Talia R., Choosing Certifiers: Evidence from the British Retail Consortium Food Safety Standard (January 2019). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 101, Issue 1, pp. 74-88, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3577987 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajae/aay024

Talia R. Bar (Contact Author)

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics ( email )

365 Fairfield Way, U-1063
Storrs, CT 06269-1063
United States

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