Provisioning Interoperable Disaster Management Systems: Integrated, Unified, and Federated Approaches

forthcoming at MIS Quarterly, August 2019

Posted: 27 May 2020

See all articles by Hong Guo

Hong Guo

University of Notre Dame

Yipeng Liu

Northern Illinois University

Barrie R. Nault

University of Calgary - Haskayne School of Business

Date Written: August 1, 2019

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the choice of interoperability approach for the provision of disaster management systems (DMS) when resources are distributed across districts and, in times of disaster, resources can be shared. The degree to which sharing (a spillover) can be coordinated efficiently depends on resource interoperability. In this public sector setting, we model the provisioning of DMS as the choice between interoperability approaches; in decreasing order of centralization they are integrated, unified, and federated. A unique feature of our setting is that the interoperability approach is a collective decision by districts. Districts choose their own DMS resources and interoperability effort, and face different interoperability efficiency and technology misfit costs depending on the interoperability approach.

We find that any approach can be an equilibrium depending on interoperability efficiency, and that when the social optimum deviates from the equilibrium, the socially optimal approach is more centralized. When subsidies and taxes are implemented, the socially optimal interoperability approach can be achieved with budget balance. When only subsidies can be used, the socially optimal approach can be achieved but only under certain interoperability efficiency and misfit cost conditions is there a net social gain. Having an initial level of interoperability causes the equilibrium interoperability approach to shift toward a less centralized one. Our results generalize to other settings characterized by interoperability concerns, collective decisions, and spillovers.

Keywords: Disaster Management Systems, Interoperability Framework, Spillovers, Centralization, Public Policy

Suggested Citation

Guo, Hong and Liu, Yipeng and Nault, Barrie R., Provisioning Interoperable Disaster Management Systems: Integrated, Unified, and Federated Approaches (August 1, 2019). forthcoming at MIS Quarterly, August 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3578082

Hong Guo

University of Notre Dame ( email )

356 Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN 46556-5646
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.nd.edu/~hguo

Yipeng Liu

Northern Illinois University ( email )

1425 W. Lincoln Hwy
Dekalb, IL 60115-2828
United States

Barrie R. Nault (Contact Author)

University of Calgary - Haskayne School of Business ( email )

2500 University Drive, NW
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://ucalgary.ca/bnault

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