National Culture and (Dis)trust in Banks: Cross-Country Evidence
Economic Notes, 2020
Posted: 12 May 2020
Date Written: April 17, 2020
We examine to what extent a specific aspect of national culture — uncertainty avoidance — can explain cross‐country variations in (dis)trust in banks. Relying on data from the World Values Survey, we find that trust in banks is lower in countries that score high for Hofstede's uncertainty avoidance index. Similarly, with Global Findex data, we find that financial exclusion due to a lack of trust in banks is high in high uncertainty avoidance cultures. These results highlight the need for a more culturally aware approach when designing consumer protection measures for the banking sector.
Keywords: Distrust, Financial Exclusion, Hofstede, National Culture, Trust in Banks
JEL Classification: D18, D81, G20, G21, G41
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