Determinants of Teacher Value-Added in Public Primary Schools: Evidence from Administrative Panel Data

34 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2020

See all articles by Ryuichi Tanaka

Ryuichi Tanaka

National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)

Shun-ichiro Bessho

Keio University

Akira Kawamura

Kanagawa University of Human Services

Haruko Noguchi

Waseda University

Koichi Ushijima

University of Tsukuba

Abstract

This study estimates teacher value-added (TVA) for language arts and mathematics test scores of students in public primary schools to investigate the empirical relationship between testscore TVA and observable traits and promotions of teachers. Our empirical strategy employs Chetty, Friedman, and Rockoff (2014a) with school-year fixed effects as an additional control for potential sorting of students across schools. Using unique administrative panel data of students in public primary schools of a large municipality of Japan, we find TVA distribution to have variance comparable to ones observed in the U.S. schools. Using TVA estimates, we examine their associations with gender, teaching experience, age, and promotions of teachers. We find that these observable characteristics of teachers are statistically significantly associated with TVA estimates. Additionally, we find that TVA estimates are positively associated with teacher promotions.

Keywords: education, teacher value-added, class size, teaching experience, promotion

JEL Classification: H75, I21, J24, J45

Suggested Citation

Tanaka, Ryuichi and Bessho, Shun-ichiro and Kawamura, Akira and Noguchi, Haruko and USHIJIMA, KOICHI, Determinants of Teacher Value-Added in Public Primary Schools: Evidence from Administrative Panel Data. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13146, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3579238 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3579238

Ryuichi Tanaka (Contact Author)

National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) ( email )

7-22-1 Roppongi, Minato-Ku
Tokyo 106-8677, Tokyo 106-8677
Japan

Shun-ichiro Bessho

Keio University ( email )

2-15-45 Mita
Minato-ku
Tokyo, 108-8345
Japan

Akira Kawamura

Kanagawa University of Human Services

Kawasaki City, 210-08
Japan

Haruko Noguchi

Waseda University

1-104 Totsukamachi, Shinjuku-ku
tokyo, 169-8050
Japan

KOICHI USHIJIMA

University of Tsukuba

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