Investment Factor Timing: Harvesting The Low-Risk Anomaly Using Artiﬁcial Neural Networks
Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 189, 1 March 2022, 116093
Posted: 27 Apr 2020 Last revised: 11 Nov 2021
Date Written: April 18, 2020
We perform investment factor timing based on risk forecasts exploiting the low-risk anomaly. Among various risk measures, we find downside deviation most suited for this task. We apply Long Short Term Memory Artificial Neural Networks (LSTM ANNs) to model the relationship between macro-economic as well as financial market data and the downside deviation of factors. The LSTM ANNs allow for complex, non-linear long-term dependencies. We use LSTM-based forecasts to select high- and low-risk factors in setting up an investment strategy. The strategy succeeds in differentiating positive from negative yielding factor investments, and an accordingly constructed investment strategy outperforms every factor individually as well as LASSO and Multilayer Perceptron neural network benchmark models.
Keywords: Factor Investing, Neural Networks, LSTM, Low-Risk Anomaly
JEL Classification: C58, C63, E37, G11, G17
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