University Life Science Programs and Agricultural Biotechnology
15 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2020
Date Written: February 2005
We examine sources of productivity in bioscience research and graduate training in U.S. universities. For this purpose, we first identify the scientific publications cited on agricultural biotechnology patents, and then trace the citations back to the universities producing the cited research. Insight is thus gained into the university investments that demonstrably influence useful technology. Life‐science budget allocations substantially affect both graduate education and technology‐relevant science. Graduate training shows decreasing returns to budget scale, while productive research shows decreasing returns in the short run but increasing returns in the long run. Training is a weak substitute for research, while research is a moderate complement to training.
Keywords: agricultural research, bioscience, biotechnology, graduate education, university productivity
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation