Using Admission Lotteries to Estimate Heterogeneous Effects of Elite Schools

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 2020-018/V

37 Pages Posted: 14 May 2020

See all articles by Hessel Oosterbeek

Hessel Oosterbeek

University of Amsterdam - Research Institute in Economics & Econometrics (RESAM); Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam (TIA); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Nienke Ruijs

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Inge de Wolf

Maastricht University

Date Written: April 19, 2020

Abstract

This paper studies the effects of enrollment in an elite school on students’ achievement. We use that elite schools in Amsterdam are often oversubscribed and admission is based on lotteries. Our results show that elite schools have negative effects on achievement of students who just qualify for the highest academic track and positive effects on achievement of students from the top of the baseline ability distribution. These results reconcile contrasting findings from previous studies that use regression discontinuity designs. We also find that value-added estimates of the effects of elite schools are severely biased.

JEL Classification: I21, I24, C26

Suggested Citation

Oosterbeek, Hessel and Ruijs, Nienke and de Wolf, Inge, Using Admission Lotteries to Estimate Heterogeneous Effects of Elite Schools (April 19, 2020). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 2020-018/V, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3580387 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3580387

Hessel Oosterbeek (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Research Institute in Economics & Econometrics (RESAM) ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 525 4242 (Phone)
+31 20 525 5283 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.fee.uva.nl/scholar/oosterbeek/

Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam (TIA)

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Nienke Ruijs

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ( email )

Netherlands

Inge De Wolf

Maastricht University

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Netherlands

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