Responsibility to Safeguard (R2S): A New Norm Against Climate Atrocities Emerging From Global Climate Protests?
30 Pages Posted: 15 May 2020
Date Written: April 21, 2020
With the climate crisis unfolding the world has seen the rise of new global climate change protest movements, among others Extinction Rebellion and Fridays for Future pressuring governments around the world to commit to greenhouse net-zero goals within the next decades. To achieve these goals unprecedented social change will be required. Research shows that normative change can facilitate large scale social change. We show that the climate change transnational advocacy networks (TNAs) Extinction Rebellion and Fridays for Future act presently as norm entrepreneurs advancing a new international norm, which we call Responsibility to Safeguard (R2S) against Climate Atrocities. We use massive Twitter data and Natural Language Processing to analyze the normative discourse of these two TNAs and synthesize this discourse into a theoretical description of the Responsibility to Safeguard norm. We furthermore investigate the conditions for a successful international adaption of the new emerging norm.
Keywords: Climate Change, Normative Change, Norm Entrepreneurs, Transnational Advocacy Networks, Extinction Rebellion, Fridays for Future, Norm Adaptation, Twitter data, Natural Language Processing
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