Ambient Temperature, Social Perception and Social Behavior

40 Pages Posted: 20 May 2020 Last revised: 26 May 2020

See all articles by Jan Krause

Jan Krause

Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Gerrit Nanninga

Kiel University

Patrick Ring

Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Ulrich Schmidt

Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Daniel Schunk

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 23, 2020

Abstract

The literature suggests that human perception and behavior vary with physical temperature. We
provide an experimental test of how different ambient temperature conditions impact social
behavior and social perception: Subjects went through a series of tasks measuring various aspects
of social behavior and perception under three temperature conditions (cold vs. optimal vs. warm).
Despite well-established findings on temperature effects, our data suggest that physical
temperature has no relevant influence on social behavior and social perception. We corroborate
our finding of a null effect by the use of equivalence testing and provide a discussion in the light of
recent failed replication attempts in this field of research.

Keywords: social perception, ambient temperature, social preference, equivalence testing, cooperation, warmth

JEL Classification: C90, D01, D90, D91

Suggested Citation

Krause, Jan and Nanninga, Gerrit and Ring, Patrick and Schmidt, Ulrich and Schunk, Daniel, Ambient Temperature, Social Perception and Social Behavior (April 23, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3583038 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3583038

Jan Krause

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

Gerrit Nanninga

Kiel University ( email )

Patrick Ring (Contact Author)

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

Kiellinie 66
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein 24105
Germany

Ulrich Schmidt

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

Daniel Schunk

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics ( email )

Germany

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