COVID-19 and the Discounting of Real Economic Activity in the US and European Stock Markets
54 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2020 Last revised: 16 Jun 2020
Date Written: June 15, 2020
We analyse how the future real economic activity is discounted to the current value of stocks in the US and European markets, and find that the extraordinary threat on future real GDP growth caused by the COVID-19 pandemic was obviously one of the main factors that affected the deep dive in the valuation of stock market assets at the beginning of crisis. However, the current seemingly booming situation in the markets can be seen as a relevant market reaction, too, because the investors’ fears of rare disasters modeled here by the nonlinear valuation effects from stock market tail risks are strongly affected by unconventional monetary policy actions. The near-term (implied) market volatility is now lower because according to our results, already since 2008 the unconventional monetary policy actions have had a strong role on the stock market valuation of future real activity through their effects on the near-term uncertainty.
Keywords: COVID-19, discounting, stock markets, macro factors, rare disasters, tail risk, unconventional monetary policy
JEL Classification: C54, C58, E32, E44, E58, G01, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation