Use of Blockchain Technology to Curb Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Transmission
11 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2020
Date Written: March 23, 2020
WHO was informed on 31 December 2019 of cases of unknown cause pneumonia in Wuhan City, China. On 7 January 2020 Chinese authorities reported a novel coronavirus as the cause and was temporarily labeled "2019-nCoV." Coronaviruses (CoV) are a wide family of viruses which cause diseases ranging from common cold to more serious illnesses. A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain not previously found in humans. Countries around the globe have stepped up their surveillance to quickly detect any new 2019-nCoV cases. Blockchain is developing into a safe and efficient network for secure data sharing in applications such as the financial industry, operations management, food industry, energy market, the Internet of Things and healthcare. In this paper, we are using blockchain technology as a mean to share authentic data, tracking of relevant information and help speed up the treatment process. At the same time it will preserve person’s identity. Timely deployment and suitable implementation of the proposed model have the opportunity to curb COVID-19 transmissions and associated mortality, especially in environments with inadequate access to testing facilities. This work will also facilitate in the treatment of other infectious diseases. Smart contract have been designed and implemented using the ethereum blockchain platform which has been presented in this paper. This work would facilitate multiple stakeholders who are involved within the medical system to curb the transmission of this disease.
Note: Funding: This research is supported by the Employment Based Postgraduate Program of the Irish Research Council (IRC) and partially funded under the SFI Strategic Partnership Program by Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) and FotoNation Ltd. (Xperi Corporation) Project ID: 13/SPP/I2868 on Next Generation Imaging for Smartphone and Embedded Platforms."
Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Keywords: Coronaviruses; Blockchain Technology; COVID-19; Smart Contracts; Data Exchange; Secure; Distributed Ledger Technology; Healthcare
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