Patterns of COVID-19 Mortality and Vitamin D: An Indonesian Study

14 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2020 Last revised: 6 May 2020

Date Written: April 26, 2020

Abstract

This is a retrospective cohort study which included two cohorts (active and expired) of 780 cases with laboratory-confirmed infection of SARS-CoV-2 in Indonesia. Age, sex, co-morbidity, Vitamin D status, and disease outcome (mortality) were extracted from electronic medical records. The aim was to determine patterns of mortality and associated factors, with a special focus on Vitamin D status. Results revealed that majority of the death cases were male and older and had pre-existing condition and below normal Vitamin D serum level. Univariate analysis revealed that older and male cases with pre-existing condition and below normal Vitamin D levels were associated with increasing odds of death. When controlling for age, sex, and comorbidity, Vitamin D status is strongly associated with COVID-19 mortality outcome of cases.

Note: Funding: The study was not funded by external sources.

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval: The requirement for informed consent was waived by the Ethics Commission.

Keywords: COVID-2019, Infectious disease, Mortality, Vitamin D

JEL Classification: I12, I18, I28

Suggested Citation

Raharusun, Prabowo and Priambada, Sadiah and Budiarti, Cahni and Agung, Erdie and Budi, Cipta, Patterns of COVID-19 Mortality and Vitamin D: An Indonesian Study (April 26, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3585561 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3585561

Sadiah Priambada

Independent ( email )

No Address Available
United States

Cahni Budiarti

Independent ( email )

No Address Available
United States

Erdie Agung

Independent ( email )

No Address Available
United States

Cipta Budi

Independent

No Address Available
United States

No contact information is available for Prabowo Raharusun

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