Which Workers Bear the Burden of Social Distancing Policies?

19 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2020

See all articles by Simon Mongey

Simon Mongey

University of Chicago

Laura Pilossoph

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York; University of Chicago - Department of Economics

Alex Weinberg

University of Chicago

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 26, 2020

Abstract

What are the characteristics of workers in jobs likely to be initially affected by broad social distancing and later by narrower policy tailored to jobs with low risk of disease transmission? We use ONET to construct a measure of the likelihood that jobs can be conducted from home (a variant of Dingel and Neiman, 2020) and a measure of low physical proximity to others at work. We validate the measures by showing how they relate to similar measures constructed using time use data from ATUS. Our main finding is that workers in low-work-from-home or high-physical-proximity jobs are more economically vulnerable across various measures constructed from the CPS and PSID: they are less educated, of lower income, have fewer liquid assets relative to income, and are more likely renters. We further substantiate the measures with behavior during the epidemic. First, we show that MSAs with less pre-virus employment in work-from-home jobs experienced smaller declines in the incidence of `staying-at-home', as measured using SafeGraph cell phone data. Second, we show that both occupations and types of workers predicted to be employed in low work-from-home jobs experienced greater declines in employment according to the March 2020 CPS. For example, non-college educated workers experienced a 4ppt larger decline in employment relative to those with a college degree.

Keywords: Coronavirus, employment, social policy, occupations, demographics

Suggested Citation

Mongey, Simon and Pilossoph, Laura and Weinberg, Alex, Which Workers Bear the Burden of Social Distancing Policies? (April 26, 2020). University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2020-51. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3586077 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3586077

Simon Mongey (Contact Author)

University of Chicago ( email )

Laura Pilossoph

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York ( email )

33 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10045
United States

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

1126 East 59th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Alex Weinberg

University of Chicago

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