Political Regimes and Deaths in the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic

49 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2020

See all articles by Gabriel Cepaluni

Gabriel Cepaluni

UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista (State of Sao Paulo University)

Michael Dorsch

Central European University (CEU)

Reka Branyiczki

Central European University (CEU)

Date Written: April 27, 2020

Abstract

This paper provides a quantitative examination of the link between political institutions and deaths during the first 100 days of the COVID-19 pandemic. We demonstrate that countries with more democratic political institutions experienced deaths on a larger per capita scale and sooner than less democratic countries. The result is robust to the inclusion of many relevant controls, a battery of estimation techniques, and to estimation with instruments for the institutional measures that we consider. Additionally, we examine the extent to which COVID-19 deaths were impacted heterogeneously by policy responses across types of political institutions. Policy responses in democracies were less effective in reducing deaths in the early stages of the crisis. The results imply that democratic political institutions may have a disadvantage in responding quickly to pandemics.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemics, political institutions, democracy

Suggested Citation

Cepaluni, Gabriel and Dorsch, Michael and Branyiczki, Reka, Political Regimes and Deaths in the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic (April 27, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3586767

Gabriel Cepaluni (Contact Author)

UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista (State of Sao Paulo University) ( email )

Av. Eufrásia Monteiro Petráglia, 900
Jd. Dr. Antonio Petráglia
Franca, Sao Paulo 14409-160
Brazil

Michael Dorsch

Central European University (CEU) ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051
Hungary

Reka Branyiczki

Central European University (CEU) ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051
Hungary

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