Aging and Declining Populations in Northern New England: Is There a Role for Immigration?

10 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2020

See all articles by Riley Sullivan

Riley Sullivan

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July, 2019

Abstract

In hundreds of communities across northern New England, the population is aging rapidly and becoming smaller. The entire country is aging, but northern New England stands out: Among the populations of all US states, those of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont have the top-three highest median ages, respectively. The situation is even more extreme in northern New England?s rural counties, where the populations of the smallest towns generally are substantially older than those of the rest of the region. These communities also have seen the slowest, or even negative, population growth over the last three decades. As the populations of the rural regions become older and smaller, policymakers are concerned about the ability of the local communities to maintain their labor force, sustain local businesses and the tax base, and provide care for the growing number of senior residents. This regional brief explores changes in the size and age of the populations of the cities and towns in the three northern New England states. It also considers the role immigration plays in sustaining the stability and growth of those populations.

Keywords: rural, NEPPC, immigration, New England

Suggested Citation

Sullivan, Riley, Aging and Declining Populations in Northern New England: Is There a Role for Immigration? (July, 2019). FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 19-2, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3587628

Riley Sullivan (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston ( email )

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