The Role of Alcohol in the Link Between National Football Tournaments (Soccer) and Domestic Abuse – Evidence From England

Social Science and Medicine

40 Pages Posted: 28 May 2020 Last revised: 16 Oct 2020

See all articles by Anna Trendl

Anna Trendl

University of Warwick

Neil Stewart

Warwick Business School, University of Warwick

Timothy L. Mullett

University of Warwick

Date Written: February 23, 2020

Abstract

Domestic abuse is increasingly recognized as a serious public health concern worldwide. Previous research has suggested a link between national football (soccer) tournaments and domestic abuse. While hypothesized to be a significant factor, the role alcohol plays in this relationship has not yet been explored quantitatively. In this study, using 10 years’ worth of crime data (from 2010 to 2019) from the third largest police force in England (West Midlands police), we explored the effect of England draws, losses, and wins in national football tournaments on the number of alcohol and non-alcohol-related domestic abuse cases reported to the police. Results from a series of negative binomial regression analyses show that the number of reported alcohol-related domestic abuse cases increases by 47%, 95% confidence interval [26% – 71%], following an England football victory. This effect is limited to alcohol-related cases. The estimate translates into a 0.53, 95% CI [0.3 – 0.8], increase in the daily rate of alcohol-related cases per 100,000 individuals. The England win effect survives various robustness checks (including the re-analysis of a data set from another geographical area in England), and its time course is strongly consistent with a causal link between England’s football victories and an increase in alcohol-related domestic abuse. We also found a comparable increase in the number of other (non-domestic abuse related) alcohol-related violent crimes on England win days. Further research is required to understand the exact causal pathway between national football tournaments, alcohol consumption, and violent behaviors in domestic settings.

Keywords: Football, Domestic Abuse, Alcohol

Suggested Citation

Trendl, Anna and Stewart, Neil and Mullett, Timothy L., The Role of Alcohol in the Link Between National Football Tournaments (Soccer) and Domestic Abuse – Evidence From England (February 23, 2020). Social Science and Medicine, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3589267 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3589267

Anna Trendl (Contact Author)

University of Warwick ( email )

Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

Neil Stewart

Warwick Business School, University of Warwick ( email )

Gibbet Hill Road
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.stewart.warwick.ac.uk

Timothy L. Mullett

University of Warwick ( email )

Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

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