Drawing the Line on in Vitro Gametogenesis

12 Pages Posted: 1 May 2020

See all articles by Lauren Notini

Lauren Notini

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Christopher Gyngell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Julian Savulescu

University of Oxford - Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics

Date Written: January 2020

Abstract

In vitro gametogenesis (IVG) might offer numerous research and clinical benefits. Some potential clinical applications of IVG, such as allowing opposite‐sex couples experiencing infertility to have genetically related children, have attracted support. Others, such as enabling same‐sex reproduction and solo reproduction, have attracted significantly more criticism. In this paper, we examine how different ethical principles might help us to draw lines and distinguish between ethically desirable and undesirable uses of IVG. We discuss the alleged distinction between therapeutic and non‐therapeutic uses of assisted reproduction in the context of IVG, and show how it is both problematic to apply in practice and theoretically dubious. We then discuss how the ethical principles of reproductive justice and beneficence apply to IVG for opposite‐sex reproduction, same‐sex reproduction, and solo reproduction. We suggest that these principles generate strong reasons for the use of IVG for opposite‐sex and same‐sex reproduction, but not for solo reproduction.

Keywords: assisted reproductive technology, bioethics, in vitro‐derived gametes, in vitro gametogenesis, resource allocation, same‐sex reproduction

Suggested Citation

Notini, Lauren and Gyngell, Christopher and Savulescu, Julian, Drawing the Line on in Vitro Gametogenesis (January 2020). Bioethics, Vol. 34, Issue 1, pp. 123-134, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3589595 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12679

Lauren Notini (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Christopher Gyngell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Julian Savulescu

University of Oxford - Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics ( email )

10 Merton Street
Oxford OX1 3JP
United Kingdom
+44 1865 276926 (Phone)
+44 1865 276932 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.practicalethics.ox.ac.uk/juliansavulescu.html

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