Demand-Driven Youth Training Programs: Experimental Evidence from Mongolia

60 Pages Posted: 1 May 2020

See all articles by Maria Laura Alzua Soyolmaa Batbekh

Maria Laura Alzua Soyolmaa Batbekh

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Altantsetseg Batchuluun

National University of Mongolia

Bayarmaa Dalkhjav

National University of Mongolia - School of Economic Studies

Jose Galdo

McMaster University

Date Written: April 30, 2020

Abstract

The effectiveness of a demand-driven vocational-training program for disadvantaged youth in Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia is assessed through a randomized controlled trial. Mongolia, a transitional country whose economic structure shifted from a Communist, centrally planned economy to a free-market economy over a relatively short period, offers a new setting in which to test the effectiveness of market-based active-labor-market policies. Results show short-term positive impacts on self-employment and skills match, while positive but uncertain effects emerge for employment and earnings. Substantial heterogeneity emerges as relatively older, richer, and better-educated individuals drive these positive effects. A second intervention, in which participants were randomly assigned to receive newsletters with information on market returns to vocational training, shows statistically meaningful effects on the length of exposure to the program (i.e., number of training days attended). These positive impacts, however, do not lead to higher employment or greater earnings.

Suggested Citation

Alzua Soyolmaa Batbekh, Maria Laura and Batchuluun, Altantsetseg and Dalkhjav, Bayarmaa and Galdo, Jose, Demand-Driven Youth Training Programs: Experimental Evidence from Mongolia (April 30, 2020). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9226, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3589887

Maria Laura Alzua Soyolmaa Batbekh (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Altantsetseg Batchuluun

National University of Mongolia ( email )

Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia

Bayarmaa Dalkhjav

National University of Mongolia - School of Economic Studies ( email )

Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia

Jose Galdo

McMaster University ( email )

1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4
Canada

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