How Managerial Ownership and the Market for Corporate Control Can Improve Investment Timing
49 Pages Posted: 28 May 2020 Last revised: 1 Mar 2021
Date Written: February 28, 2021
We show how CEO ownership and the market for corporate control interact to influence the investment-timing decisions of empire-building CEOs. The prospect of a future takeover means that CEOs with no ownership stake will over-invest in some types of projects and under-invest in others, but these problems are less severe when CEOs have an ownership stake. The value-maximizing level of CEO ownership depends on a firm's investment opportunities. Antitakeover laws that weaken a raider's position in a hostile takeover induce raiders to launch friendly takeovers sooner. The increased takeover threat induces CEOs to delay investing in positive NPV projects, but encourages them to take actions that initiate selling the firm when the takeover gains are high. Optimal ownership-generated incentives and the market for corporate control add more value after antitakeover laws are introduced, especially in situations when potential takeover gains are large.
Keywords: Managerial Ownership, Market for Corporate Control, Manager-Shareholder Conflict, Investment Incentives, Real Options, Antitakeover Laws
JEL Classification: D25, G31, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation