Volatility Forecasts Embedded in the Prices of Crude-Oil Options
47 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2020
Date Written: January 1, 2020
This paper evaluates and compares the ability of alternative option-implied volatility measures to forecast the monthly realized volatility of crude-oil returns. We find that a corridor implied volatility measure that aggregates information from a narrow range of option contracts consistently outperforms forecasts obtained by the popular Black-Scholes and model-free volatility expectations, as well as those generated by a high-frequency realized volatility model. In particular, this measure ranks favorably in all regression-based tests, delivers the lowest forecast errors under either symmetric or asymmetric loss functions, and generates economically significant gains in volatility timing exercises. Our results also show that the CBOE's "oil-VIX" (OVX) index performs poorly, as it routinely produces the least accurate forecasts.
Keywords: Volatility forecasting, option-implied volatility, realized variance
JEL Classification: C53, C58, G17
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