Measuring Economic Competence of Secondary School Students in Germany
Forthcoming: Journal of Economic Education
54 Pages Posted: 29 May 2020
Date Written: April 22, 2020
We introduce a test of economic competence for German-speaking secondary school students and provide evidence from a large-scale assessment with 6,230 students from grades 7 to 10. The article presents the development and psychometric properties of the scale, along with an investigation of predictors of economic competence. We find evidence of a gender gap favoring male students, lower scores for students with a migration background, and parents’ socioeconomic background being a predictor of test performance. Additionally, the results show sizeable differences between tracks, as well as gains in economic competence across grades in the order of magnitude of 0.06 to 0.20 standard deviation per year. The article concludes with perspectives on an impact evaluation of a curriculum reform introducing mandatory economic education in secondary school.
Keywords: economic competence, economic literacy, item response theory
JEL Classification: A21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation