Earnings Management During the Oil Price Crisis
Bugshan, A., Lafferty, G., Bakry, W., Li, Y. 2020. Earnings Management During the oil Price Crisis. Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Volume XV, Summer, 2(68): 297-309. DOI: 10.14505/jaes.v15.2(68).04
36 Pages Posted: 11 May 2020 Last revised: 27 Jul 2020
Date Written: June 14, 2018
Starting in mid-2014, oil prices began to fall drastically, hereafter this is referred to as the oil price crisis. This paper investigates the impacts of this crisis on earnings management behaviour in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Earnings management is measured in terms of accrual based earning management (AEM) and real activity based earnings management (REM). The modified Jones model is adopted to estimate AEM, and three models from Roychowdhury (2006) are used to estimate REM. The results reveal that companies have tended to use downward REM during the oil price crisis, engaging less with AEM. Control variables covering firm characteristics, including ROA, leverage, growth and OCF exhibit significant relationships with EM. The present study examines EM during the oil price crisis, considering both accrual and real activity earnings management. In contrast to most previous research in this domain which has only considered upward REM, a non-directional approach is used herein whereby the absolute (unsigned) term is applied to capture this metric.
Keywords: Earnings management, Discretionary accruals, Real earnings management, Gulf Cooperation Council.
JEL Classification: C58, G30, G39, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation