Evolution of Community Deterrence: Evidence from the National Hockey League

15 Pages Posted: 6 May 2020

See all articles by Craig A. Depken

Craig A. Depken

University of North Carolina at Charlotte - The Belk College of Business Administration - Department of Economics

Peter A. Groothuis

Appalachian State University, Department of Economics

Mark C. Strazicich

Appalachian State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 2020

Abstract

Community and specialized enforcement are recognized as important components of deterring antisocial behavior. To provide insights on the interplay between deterrence methods, we examine the empirical evolution of fighting and scoring in the National Hockey League using time series data. We identify structural changes that correlate with changes in player behavior and rules. In particular, we find that player behavior related to fighting changed 4 or 5 years prior to most rule changes aimed at reducing fighting. We conclude that the decline in fighting in hockey was more closely associated with a change in community rather than specialized deterrence methods.

JEL Classification: Z22, D71, L83

Suggested Citation

Depken, Craig A. and Groothuis, Peter A. and Strazicich, Mark C., Evolution of Community Deterrence: Evidence from the National Hockey League (April 2020). Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 38, Issue 2, pp. 289-303, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3593694 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coep.12461

Craig A. Depken (Contact Author)

University of North Carolina at Charlotte - The Belk College of Business Administration - Department of Economics ( email )

Charlotte, NC 28223
United States

Peter A. Groothuis

Appalachian State University, Department of Economics ( email )

Boone, NC 28608
United States

Mark C. Strazicich

Appalachian State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Boone, NC 28608
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
0
Abstract Views
22
PlumX Metrics