Welfare Dynamics in India Over a Quarter Century: Poverty, Vulnerability, and Mobility During 1987-2012

53 Pages Posted: 6 May 2020

See all articles by Hai-Anh Dang

Hai-Anh Dang

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA); Global Labor Organization (GLO); Vietnam National University Ha Noi; Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS) - Centre for Analysis and Forecasting

Peter F. Lanjouw

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 5, 2020

Abstract

This paper analyzes the Indian National Sample Survey data spanning 1987/88-2011/12 to uncover patterns of transition into and out of different classes of the consumption distribution. At the aggregate level, income growth has accelerated, accompanied by accelerating poverty decline. Underlying these trends is a process of mobility, with 40-60 percent of the population transitioning between consumption classes and increasing mobility over time. Yet, the majority of those who escape poverty remain vulnerable. Most of those who are poor were also poor in the preceding period and, thus, are likely to be chronically poor. The characteristics of upwardly mobile households contrast with those of the poor; these households are also far less likely to experience downward mobility. The paper also finds that states exhibit heterogenous mobility patterns.

Suggested Citation

Dang, Hai-Anh H. and Lanjouw, Peter F., Welfare Dynamics in India Over a Quarter Century: Poverty, Vulnerability, and Mobility During 1987-2012 (May 5, 2020). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9231, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3593915

Hai-Anh H. Dang (Contact Author)

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Peter F. Lanjouw

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